As women get older, their body starts changing. One of the signs of this is premenstrual syndrome or PMS, a condition characterized by a spectrum of emotional, physical and cognitive symptoms. It’s when women are in an emotional rollercoaster, experience fatigue, menstrual cramps, headaches and backaches, and crave intensely for sweet and salty foods. The most frustrating thing off all is bloating, caused by the body’s high water retention. In a nutshell, it’s a time when a woman is her crankiest self.
PMS happens a week or so before a woman’s period. During this week(s), the body produces high levels of estrogen and progesterone, the main hormones responsible for all PMS symptoms. High levels of estrogen cause the enlargement of the breast ducts while progesterone induces growth of the breast lobules (milk glands). This is in addition to the fluids retained that forces breast tissues to expand, stretching the nerves, which explains the prickly sensation.